Epistle (pronounced e-PISS-ul) is a poetic form that dates back to ancient Rome and to the Bible. It is a poem written in the form of a letter. The term epistle comes from the Latin word epistola, which means letter. Epistle was used to express love, philosophy, religion, and morality. In many cases, the epistle would go on at great length. Many older epistles were thousands of words long.

EpistleSt. Paul and the epistle

Most people who think of epistles think of the Bible. Many of the books in the New Testament are epistles, especially the Epistles of St. Paul. The poet Robert Burns also frequently wrote epistles, as did Alexander Pope. Of course, there are contemporary poets who use this form, but it will always be associated with The Greeks, the Romans, and the Bible. Nonetheless, it is a fun, loose form to write in if you can get away from the ancients.

An epistle can be a letter or even a tweet

Over the past hundred years, as the telephone took over for letter writing, letters became less personal and more formal or business-related. The concept of writing letters to relatives, friends, colleagues, and lovers went out of fashion. In the last few years, however, letter writing has had a rebirth of sorts as the Internet grew in prominence and people began to send e-mail to each other. Over time, this has grown to include tweets, Facebook posts, text messaging, and more. Today, a long letter is an unlikely gift of time and effort. An epistle is an even more unlikely gift.

Luckily, the epistle is a very adaptable form. If you want to write a poem as if it were a series of tweets or updates, that is still within the realm of the epistle. Of course, I’m not sure if Burns or Pope would agree, but time passes for everything.

Epistles do not need meter or rhyme

There are no meter or rhyme requirements for an epistle. Instead, an epistle is more a form of voice and persona. A poet can address their epistle to a real or imaginary person and express their views or take on the character of a different writer. The wonderful quality of an epistle is that it can be such a freeing form. Remember, the tone can be formal or use very personalized voices. The poems can be many pages long or as short as a postcard.

Epistle Guidelines

Some things you should keep in mind when writing the epistle are:

  • Who is writing the letter?
  • Who is the letter being written to?
  • How you would address that person?
  • What would interest the writer and the recipient?
  • How formal or informal would the writer be when addressing that person?

Below is an epistle I wrote several years ago. Looking back, I think it is a good example of how fun and flexible the form can be. An epistle doesn’t have to sound like a formal letter. This one takes the form of unsent notes.

Notes To Shelly


Anyone who would give me A Winnie-the-Pooh book for Christmas Deserves the benefit of the doubt. Still, what will it be To have you disappear? Don’t make it forever.


Got your postcard today. Read all twenty-four words Twelve times.


Saw Rocky Horror again tonight. And I thought about your first time And your devirginization. Afterward, I drove under Every overpass I could find.


First date since you left. Took her to dinner At the Mexican restaurant You told me gave you food poisoning. I never told you I’d wait. But I didn’t want to take her Anywhere I’d go with you.


I had a feeling this morning That I would find a letter from you In my mailbox. You know better than I That it was empty. That sounded bitter, didn’t it? Sorry.


Reading Marquez. Love in the Time of Cholera. Wanted to recite to you the passage About the ship captain and the Manatees. Instead, I read it to the palo verde in the yard Much to Mr. Parra’s consternation. It is important to maintain my image.


Ran into Maria at the mall today. We asked each other about you. Must be fun to be so mysterious and everything. Maria and I ate lunch together. She told me she’s marrying Jimmy. She took my address So she can send me an invitation.


Happy Birthday. On your behalf, I spray painted the walls Of my living room black. And splattered little specks of color all over To make it look like space. The effect was different than I expected. I feel like I’m in one of the less exiting rides At Disneyland.


The invitation arrived today. John and guest. There’s nobody to take though. Dating really didn’t work out After you left. I expect I’ll send my regrets.


Went to the wedding after all Because I thought somehow You would make an appearance. It would have been a good moment. Like the mail though The appearance didn’t come. Instead, I started talking to Tammy. We started dancing together. Drinking half the punch. She’s getting over somebody. She said I can call any time. I won’t though.


Called Tammy today. We got even drunker than at the wedding. We had to walk back to my house. She took off her clothes In the bathroom And slept on the couch.


Of course, your postcard would arrive today. From Arkansas of all places. Your message is simple. Just wanted you to know I’m alive. Don’t worry. I know.


I didn’t answer the phone today. Instead, I sat in the living room. I watched the walls. Late in the day, I decided It’s time for me to buy a TV again.


I repainted the living room today. My lease is up and I decided That I didn’t want to stay here. I’ve been sending out my resume For a couple months now. And I heard back from a company in Sacramento. It seems everybody is leaving California. Which makes it probably The most appropriate place for me to go.


Tammy came over last night. This time we didn’t go drinking. This time she didn’t sleep on the couch. This morning, just to be different I asked her to come with me. Just to be like you She’s quitting her job And jumping lease. For the first time in a long time I know I will see you again. But then, I’ve been wrong before.

Additional Resources

Six Tips For Writing Poetry About Difficult Subjects

Poetry prompts

What is an epistle in literature?

Poetry forms

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